Many people know that CBD comes from the cannabis plant. But what exactly happens from the moment when the seed is planted to the moment when CBD oil lays in your shopping cart?
Today thousands of hemp seed varieties are available. A farmer growing cannabis plants can choose a specific seed and ensure the appropriate content of THC. Considering that according to the legal requirement, the final product should contain no more than 0.2 % THC, it is very important that seeds meet all the requirements.
Hemp cannot be grown anywhere. Hemp grows best on a loose, well-aerated loam soil with high fertility and abundant organic matter with a pH of 6.0-7.5. Sandy soils can grow good hemp, with adequate irrigation and fertilisation, but it requires additional costs that make production uneconomical.
Organic hemp grows in natural surroundings, with sunlight and water. Non-organic hemp grows with pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers1. Therefore, organic CBD oil is CBD oil extracted from organically grown hemp. In the UK, organic CBD will be labeled “Certified Organic”.
Hemp can be grown either indoor or outdoor. Outdoor growth is an environmentally-friendly option. Indoor growth requires lighting, humidity, air, and humidity control2. This method gives the possibility for farmers to grow the hemp all year round.
Hemp matures in 90-120 days depending on a number of factors like variety, seeding date and temperature. Industrial hemp is harvested when the seed begins to shatter2.
There are numerous methods to extract CBD from the hemp plant. EU rules determine cold pressing as the only method allowed. Under the authorization, other methods can be approved. They include the following:
CBD oil is heavily dense, and various oils are used to carry the constituents of hemp. They may be the following:
When lab testing is performed on a CBD product, samples for testing typically are taken from several portions of a large batch to ensure accurate readings. Once the samples are submitted to a lab, they may be subjected to a screening to determine potency and purity. The certificate of analysis provides the sample information.
The price depends on size, strength and product type. But one should remember, a good product cannon be cheap. It is always better to pay a bit more for a high-quality product.